Int. J. Dev. Biol. 37: 381 - 385 (1993)
© UPV/EHU Press

Efficient incorporation of transfected blastodermal cells into chimeric chicken embryos.

R A Fraser, R S Carsience, M E Clark, R J Etches and A M Gibbins

Department of Animal and Poultry Science, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

ABSTRACT The formation of transgenic chimeric chickens for use in developmental studies and as intermediates in the production of transgenic chickens requires the incorporation of stably transfected blastodermal cells into a chimera. To obtain blastodermal cells, area pellucidae of stage X (Eyal-Giladi and Kochav, Dev. Biol. 49:321-337, 1976:E.-G.&K.) embryos were collected from unincubated, freshly oviposited Barred Plymouth Rock eggs and dissociated in 0.25% trypsin/0.04% EDTA (w/v) and 2% (v/v) chicken serum in phosphate-buffered saline (Ca2+ and Mg2+ free) at 4 degrees C for 10 min. The blastodermal cells were suspended in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium (DMEM) and transfected by lipofection with superhelical pmiwZ, a plasmid containing a hybrid lacZ gene encoding bacterial beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) under the control of a chicken beta-actin/Rous sarcoma virus promoter. A mixture of 2.5 micrograms Lipofectin and 1.56 micrograms pmiwZ in 250 microliters DMEM was incubated for 30 min at 37 degrees C and added to 500 microliters of 20-40,000 cells in suspension. Cells incubated with the transfection reagents in the presence or absence of pmiwZ were either plated and cultured for 48 h at 37 degrees C in 5% CO2/95% air, or injected through a shell window into the subgerminal cavity of White Leghorn stage X (E.-G.&K.) embryos previously exposed to 500-600 rads from a 60Co source, after which the window was sealed and the egg incubated at 38 +/- 1 degrees C for 72 h.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)