Int. J. Dev. Biol. 33: 467 - 475 (1989)
© UPV/EHU Press

Detection of sex-specific proteins in chick embryo gonads and mesonephros: effects of estradiol benzoate or tamoxifen on their expression.

R Didier and Y Croisille

Laboratoire de Biologie Animale, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

ABSTRACT Gonadal and mesonephric protein patterns from 19 day old normal chick embryos were investigated by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Under these conditions, several sex-specific polypeptides were detected. As concerns gonadal extracts, four sex-specific polypeptides, all restricted to the cytosol, were present in the testis, whereas three sex-specific polypeptides, two localized in the cytosol, the other being membrane-bound, were identified in the ovary. Among the ovary-specific polypeptides two proved to be estrogen-dependent. They appeared in the left testis of embryos after early estradiol benzoate treatment and their expression was reduced in the ovary after early exposure to the antiestrogen, tamoxifen. Mesonephros extracts of both sexes also differed in their protein composition since three additional polypeptides (one in both the cytosolic and membrane fractions, the others in the cytosol) not found in females were found to be present in males. None appeared to be affected after either estradiol or tamoxifen treatment.