Int. J. Dev. Biol. 33: 439 - 444 (1989)
© UPV/EHU Press

Appearance of tenascin in healing skin of the mouse: possible involvement in seaming of wounded tissues.

R Murakami, I Yamaoka and T Sakakura

Biological Institute, Faculty of Science, Yamaguchi University, Japan.

ABSTRACT Distribution of the extracellular matrix glycoprotein tenascin during wound healing in mouse skin was studied immunohistochemically. Within 24 hours after wounding, and preceding the formation of granulation tissue, tenascin appeared in the basement membranes beneath epidermis and hair follicles adjacent to the wound edges and in the wounded edges of cutaneous muscle layer. Granulation tissue began to form in the wound space at about 1-2 days and was immediately covered by epidermis. Tenascin first appeared in the periphery of the granulation tissue beneath healing epidermis and around the wounded edges of cutaneous muscle layer. Then the tenascin-positive area extended into the inner region of granulation tissue. At about 5-7 days, all of the granulation tissue was intensely stained with anti-tenascin serum. Tenascin immunoreactivity decreased as granulation tissue was replaced with reconstructed dermal tissue at 7-14 days. In most cases, tenascin staining persisted longest in the dermis beneath the healing epidermis and at the juncture of healing edges of cutaneous muscle layer. It disappeared at about 10-14 days after wounding. These findings suggest that tenascin may play an important role in the seaming of wounded tissues.